How Are Americans Using Stimulus Checks
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York says that households are spending a smaller percentage of their stimulus checks and saving more. The that households set aside just under 25% of their third-round payments for consumption. This share fell from just over 29% of first-round payments reported in June 2020 and almost 26% of second-round payments reported in January 2021.
The table below is based on all three SCE surveys and breaks down the average percentage of stimulus payments spent, saved and used to pay off debt:
|New York Fed SCE Breakdown of Stimulus Check Spending|
The New York Fed also says that households expect to spend an average 13% of the third stimulus check on essential items and an average 8% on non-essential items.
For a comparison, preliminary data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau from shows that the majority of stimulus recipients are almost three times more likely to use checks to pay down debt than add to their savings.
An earlier showed that the majority of recipients who got the first stimulus check spent their payment on household expenses. Adults with incomes between $75,000 and $99,999 told the Census that they would most likely pay off debt or add to their savings. While adults making less than $25,000 said they would use their stimulus to pay for expenses.
For those households that spent their first stimulus checks, the study says:
When Will The Third Stimulus Check Be Issued
The government started sending the third stimulus checks on March 12, 2021. The IRS continues to send third stimulus checks as people submit their information to the IRS either by filing a 2020 tax return or using GetCTC.org. The deadline to use GetCTC.org is November 15, 2021.
If you have your banking information on file, the IRS sent your payment via direct deposit. Otherwise, you will receive your payment as a check or debit card via mail. Mailed checks and debit cards may take longer to deliver.
If you dont fall into any of these categories, youll have to wait to receive your third stimulus check. You will need to file a 2020 federal tax return to get the third stimulus check or use GetCTC.org if you dont have a filing requirement.
You can also get the first and second stimulus check as the Recovery Rebate Credit on your tax return or GetCTC.org if you are eligible.
How Much Is The Stimulus Payment
Eligible individuals can receive a stimulus check of up to $1,400. Couples who file joint tax returns can receive up to $2,800. Families with dependents can receive an additional $1,400 per dependent. People who are American citizens but filing jointly with someone who is not a citizen will be eligible for the stimulus check. People without a Social Security number generally cannot get a check. Stimulus checks are not taxable.
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First Round Of Economic Stimulus Checks: April 2020
The CAREs Act included a provision for a round of stimulus payments eligible tax-paying adults received a check of up to $1,200 while eligible dependents under 16 years of age received $500 each .
The payments were made to everyone earning under the income limits, which were set at Adjusted Gross Income of $75,000 with the stimulus check value reducing in a tapered fashion up to a maximum of $99,000 . The very first stimulus checks were paid into people’s bank accounts over the weekend of the 11 and 12 of April, either via direct deposit into individuals bank accounts, paper checks sent through the post or in some cases, through a prepaid debit card, the Economic Impact Payment Card which were sent out in late May/early June last year.
The Third Stimulus Check Won’t Come For At Least A Few More Weeksbut It Could Also Be Months
Before Biden’s plan can make its way through Congress to vie for approval, he must be inaugurated. Once Biden is in office on Jan. 20, he can begin the process of getting his plan approved. If the bill gets blocked in Congress, however, Americans could be waiting for checks longer than a few weeks.
“The big determining factor on when folks would see that top up really comes down to how long it takes something like this to get through Congress,” Garrett Watson, a senior policy analyst at the Tax Foundation, told CNBC. Coming to an agreement on the relief package could take a couple of months, according to Watson. As Newsweek reports, Democrats will be in a position to bring the stimulus bill to the Senate floor for a vote, but seeing as the chamber is split 50-50, they may need at least 10 Republicans to sign on to avoid a filibuster.
In a letter to members of Congress from incoming Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer on Tuesday, Jan. 12, he said, according to Newsweek: “The job of COVID emergency relief is far from complete. Democrats wanted to do much more in the last bill and promised to do more, if given the opportunity, to increase direct payments to a total of $2,000. We will get that done.”
Watson added that once Congress approves the price point of the new checks, Americans can see the money in their account very quickly.ae0fcc31ae342fd3a1346ebb1f342fcb
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Determining Eligibility For The Third Economic Impact Payment
Most eligible people will get the third Economic Impact Payment automatically and won’t need to take additional action. The IRS will use available information to determine eligibility and issue the third payment to eligible people who:
- Filed a 2020 tax return.
- Filed a 2019 tax return if the 2020 return has not been submitted or processed yet.
- Did not file a 2020 or 2019 tax return but registered for the first Economic Impact Payment using the special Non-Filers portal last year.
- Are federal benefit recipients as of December 31, 2020, who do not usually file a tax return and received Social Security and Railroad Retirement Board benefits, Supplemental Security Income and Veteran benefit recipients in 2020. The IRS is working with these agencies to get updated information for 2021 to assist with stimulus payments at a date to be determined. IRS.gov will have more details.
How Much Stimulus Money Can I Expect
You could receive up to $1,400 per qualifying person, but its important to remember that the amount you get will depend on several factors:
- Your tax filing status
- $120,000 for head of household filers
- $160,000 for married couples filing jointly
If you earn more than these upper limits, you wont get any stimulus money this time.
Hint: This math is complicated, but our third stimulus check calculator can do it all for yousliding scale and all.
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What To Do If You Cant Find Your Stimulus Check
If your IRS online account shows that you should have received a stimulus payment, but you didnât get it, thereâs a chance it could have been lost in the mail. Or you might have thrown away the prepaid debit card you received.
If you lost your stimulus check or suspect it was stolen, you can request the IRS trace your payment. If the IRS determines your check hasnât been cashed, it will issue a credit to your account. It canât reissue your payment, but you can claim the payment on your 2021 tax return using the Recovery Rebate Tax Credit worksheet.
If a trace is initiated and the IRS determines that the check wasnât cashed, the IRS will credit your account for that payment. However, the IRS canât reissue your payment. Instead, you will need to claim the 2021 Recovery Rebate Credit on your 2021 tax return if eligible.
If you lost your EIP card, a prepaid debit card on which some individuals received their stimulus payment, contact card issuer MetaBank to request a replacement.
Third Stimulus Check Calculator
President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act on March 11, 2021. Provisions in the bill authorized a third round of stimulus checks worth $1,400 for each eligible person , plus an additional $1,400 for each dependent. However, as with the first- and second-round payments, the third-round stimulus checks were reduced or eliminated for people with an income above a certain amount.
If you didn’t receive a third stimulus check, or didn’t receive the full amount, you can get any money you’re entitled to by claiming the recovery rebate tax credit on your 2021 tax return. If you’re wondering if you qualify for the credit, comparing what you should have received to what you actually received is a good place to start .
To see how large your third stimulus payment should have been, answer the three questions in the calculator below and we’ll give you a customized estimate.
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What Type Of Credit Is The Stimulus Payment
The third stimulus payment is actually an advance payment of a refundable credit that will be calculated with your 2021 taxes .
If you made too much money in 2020 to get the full stimulus payment, but you end up making less income in 2021 than you did in prior years, you could get a stimulus payment as a rebate in 2022. Luckily, if you make more money in 2021 than you did in 2020, you will not have to pay back part or all of your stimulus payment in 2022.
What If My Mailing Address Changed Since I Received My Previous Stimulus Checks How Will I Get My Third Stimulus Check
If you are expecting to receive your third stimulus check by mail, it will be mailed to the last address you filed with the IRS. If your address has changed since then, there are different options you can take to make sure your stimulus check gets to you:
Option 1: File your 2020 federal tax return to update your address. If you havent filed your 2020 tax return yet, this is an easy way to update your address. File a tax return with your current address and your payment will be sent through the mail once the IRS receives your updated address.
Option 2: Provide your banking information in the IRS Get My Payment tool. If the post office was unable to deliver your stimulus check, it will be returned to the IRS. Two to three weeks after the payment has been issued, Get My Payment will display the message Need More Information. You will have the option to have your payment reissued as a direct deposit by providing your banking information.
If you dont provide your banking information, the IRS will mail your payment once your address is updated.
Option 3: Notify the IRS that your address has changed by telephone, an IRS form, or a written statement. It can take 4-6 weeks for the IRS to process your request.
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Which Tax Year Is Used To Determine Eligibility
The IRS will use the most recent tax return on file . Its issuing plus-up payments for individuals who now qualify for more money based on their 2020 tax return.
For example, if your income in 2019 was too high to receive a stimulus payment up front, but your 2020 income decreased to a level that would make you eligible to receive a full or partial payment, submit your tax return ASAP to be eligible for a plus-up payment. The IRS says it will continue to process plus-up payments on a weekly basis going forward as it receives 2020 tax returns . Tax Day has been pushed back from April 15 to May 17, 2021 so you have more time to file
On the other hand, if you think your adjusted gross income increased in 2020 beyond the point of eligibility for this stimulus payment but you would benefit from the financial relief, you may want to hold off on filing until after the payments are distributed You wont have to pay your stimulus check back to the government if you ended up making too much money in 2020 or 2021.
If you receive Social Security but didnt file a return in 2019 or 2020 because you earn too little to be required to file, youll also receive a stimulus check. The amount will be based on the information sent to the IRS on forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099.
Here’s How To Claim The Payment On Your Tax Return
Those who believe they are due more money must file a 2021 tax return, even if they don’t usually file taxes, and claim what’s called the Recovery Rebate Credit. If a taxpayer is eligible for more money, it will either reduce any tax the person owes for 2021 or be included in a tax refund.
In order to claim the Recovery Rebate Credit, a taxpayer will need information that was sent in a letter from the IRS in the past couple of months. Known as Letter 6475, it confirms whether a taxpayer was sent a third stimulus payment and the amount. Alternatively, that information can be obtained by accessing your IRS online account.
For most taxpayers, the federal tax return filing deadline is April 18, though it’s a day later for residents of Maine and Massachusetts. Taxpayers having difficulty meeting the deadline can file for an automatic six-month extension by using Form 4868.
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Who Gets The Next Stimulus Check 2021
The full payment is available to single tax filers with income under $75,000 and married joint filers with an income under $150,000. Payments phase out once income exceeds these thresholds, and single filers with an income above $80,000 or married joint filers with an income above $160,000 aren’t eligible.
I Didn’t File A 2019 Or 2020 Tax Return And Didn’t Register With The Irsgov Non
Yes, if you meet the eligibility requirements. While you won’t receive an automatic payment now, you can still get all three payments. File a 2020 return and claim the Recovery Rebate Credit.
The IRS urges people who don’t normally file a tax return and haven’t received any stimulus payments to look into their filing options. The IRS will continue reaching out to non-filers so that as many eligible people as possible receive the stimulus payments they’re entitled to.
The IRS encourages people to file electronically, and the tax software will help figure the correct stimulus amount, which is called the Recovery Rebate Credit on 2020 tax forms. Visit IRS.gov/filing for details about IRS Free File, Free File Fillable Forms, free VITA or TCE tax preparation sites in the community or finding a trusted tax professional.
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Is There An Income Limit To Receive A Stimulus Check
Yes. An individual with an AGI of up to $75,000 would receive the full $1,400 check a couple filing jointly with an AGI of up to $150,000 would receive $2,800 . A head-of-household filer with an AGI of up to $112,500 would receive the full $1,400 check.
The amount of the stimulus check is reduced once AGI exceeds these limits. An individual with an AGI at or above $80,000 would not receive a stimulus check. A couple filing jointly would not receive a stimulus check once AGI is at or above $160,000. Someone filing as head of household with an AGI at or above $120,000 would not receive a stimulus check.
When Will The Payments Be Distributed
Payments are being distributed now. The first batch of direct deposit payments was delivered on March 17, and the first round of mailed checks were dated March 19.
The IRS has been sending payments in weekly batches. The seventh batch of payments began processing on April 23 with an official payment date of April 28. The agency also says this batch includes more than 730,000 plus-up payments, totaling over $1.3 billion.
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More Details About The Third Round Of Economic Impact Payments
FS-2021-04, March 2021
The Internal Revenue Service, on behalf of the Treasury Department, worked to quickly begin delivery of the third round of Economic Impact Payments authorized by Congress in the American Rescue Plan Act in March 2021. Here are answers to some common questions about this set of stimulus payments, which differ in some ways from the first two sets of stimulus payments in 2020, referred to as EIP1 and EIP2.